Differential diagnosis of general causes of metabolic alkalosis are :
-administration of alkalinising agents or alkali due to renal insufficiency
( the alkalinising agents include lactate / citrate)
-antacids ( milk alkali syndrome)
-massive transfusion of plasma substitute or blood
-ingestion of glucose after starvation
-large dose of a non re absorbable anionic antibiotics ( penicillin / carbenicillin)
-non parathyroid hypercalcemia
Leave a Reply.
Learn the differential diagnosis of diseases and disorders.